Our petroleum and minerals industry

Mineral estate

Crown-owned minerals are those minerals that are owned by New Zealanders and administered by the Crown, as set out in the Crown Minerals Act 1991.

Value and benefits

The mineral and petroleum industries are an important part of New Zealand’s economy.

Rules and regulations

The legislative framework for prospecting, exploration and mining Crown-owned minerals in New Zealand is set out in the Crown Minerals Act 1991.

Products and climate change

Petroleum and mineral products are part of our daily lives.


New Zealand’s oil and gas industry is built on the back of early exploration and development dating back to the 1950s. The modern industry in New Zealand has a well-developed oil and gas infrastructure and a proactive globally-competitive oil and gas regime.


NZP&M produces a number of fact sheets on a variety of industry topics to help users quickly understand a subject.

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